Contents and Structure of the Manuscript

Contents and Structure of the Manuscript

Title: A title page should be included as the main advertisement of the manuscript. The title of the manuscript should be short and simple. Author’s and co-author’s name and affiliation with complete contact information (E. mail, p. o. box and Phone number) should be stated. A title and subtitles should always be bold, 12 font size, center and the first letter of each word should be in capital letter.

Abstract: The abstract is typically a single paragraph to describe the research in 300-350 words. The abstract should be considered as an independent document. The abstract should summarize the problem or objective of the research, and its method, results, and conclusions.  No need to cite literature in abstract.

Key words: Key words should contain 3-5 keywords following to abstract written in alphabetical order.

Introduction: The introduction should be brief and provide clear statement of the problem. It should state the problem being investigated, its contextual background, and the reasons for conducting the research. The introduction requires a short review of the literature pertaining to the research topic that constructed as a descriptive funnel, starting with broad topics and slowly focusing on the work at hand.

Materials and Methods: This section should be detailed enough that readers can replicate your research, and assess whether the methods justify the conclusions. Equipment and materials used should be specified. Each method and procedure or technique used should be described in a separate section. Statistical analysis methods should be clearly stated in the final section of the methods section.

Results and Discussion: This section present findings objectively where results contribute to the body of scientific knowledge, so as to be clear and logical. Meaning of the results, especially in the context of what was already known about the subject should be described. The most important findings, most interesting, significant, remarkable findings should be summarized and contrasted with findings in light of other studies reported in the literature.

Conclusions and Recommendation: The overall work should be summarized first, by introducing the work and then briefly stating the major results. Then, the major points of the discussion and end with a statement of how the work contributes to the overall field of study should be stated.

Acknowledgements: A brief statement acknowledging the efforts of any participants or consultants who are not included as authors of the manuscript should be briefed by naming those who involved in helping the research; contributors, or suppliers who provided free materials, grants or other financial support and colleagues who assisted in conducting the study or evaluating the manuscript.

References: All references that have been cited in the text should have to be included. The format of citations and references must be in accordance to American Psychological Association (APA), sixth version style of referencing before submitting the manuscript.

Tables and Table Captions: Tables should be placed within a text at appropriate space. It should be headed with a caption and title must be in bold. The table itself should be formatted so that the data is clearly presented and easily interpreted by the reviewer; however the table is likely to be reformatted by journal to conform to its standards. Make sure that each table is referred to in the manuscript text; this will most likely occur in the results section, but may also occur in the introduction, methods, or discussion sections.

Figures and Figure Captions: Figures should be placed within a text at appropriate space. All images should be as large as possible, and include accurate scale bars.   All figures need a caption. The caption should identify the figure in bold, state a brief title to the figure, concisely present the significant result or interpretation that may be made from the figure.